Where is Seven Hills of Istanbul ?

Istanbul is often referred to as the "City on the seven hills". Where is Seven Hills?

İstanbul Birinci Tepesi

First Hill of Istanbul; The city's centre has been the area now known as Sultanahmet Square, the site of the 'First Hill', the most attractive hill of the city and the spot choosen Romans to build Hagia Sophia. During the construction of Hagia Sophia, the largest Byxantine church , 107 pillars were brought from many ancient cities. In area, The Sultanahmet Mosque Complex was built in the 17th century by Sedefkar Mehmet Agha. Sultanahmet Mosque is also known by tourists as the 'Blue Mosque' in reference to the cobalt blue tiles that decorate the interior.
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İstanbul İkinci Tepesi

Second Hill of Istanbul; On Istanbul's 'Second Hill' stand Nuruosmaniye Mosque and a Byzantine column in honour of Emperor Constantine erected in the centre of the square. This column known as the 'Column of Constantine', the 'Burnt Column' or Çemberlitas ( Ringed Stone ).The column was damaged by fire, its blackened stones earning it the nickname of the Burnt Column, and it was reinforced with iron rings to prevent it in 1701 from collapsing after which it became known as Çemberlitas. The Nuruosmaniye Mosque built by the Ottomans to the second hil. Construction of the mosque was started by Mahmud I and completed by Osman III after whom the baroque style mosque complex was given its name, which means 'Light of Osman'.
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İstanbul Üçüncü Tepesi

Third Hill of Istanbul; Süleymaniye Mosque, described by Mimar Sinan as "the work of my qualification stage", stands majestically atop Third Hill. Süleymaniye Mosque, built between 1550 and 1557. The ten balconies on the mosque's minarets symbolise the fact that Süleyman was the tenth Ottoman sultan, while the four minarets symbolise his position as the fourth sultan to rule over istanbul. The minarets at the in front of the courtyard are shorter than those close to the dome, a desision made by Mimar Sinan in order to create the impression of steps ascending into the sky.
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İstanbul Dördüncü Tepesi

Fourth Hill of Istanbul; On Istanbul's 'Fourth Hill' stand Fatih Mosque. After Sultan Mehmet the Conqueror took Istanbul, thse first monumental structure he had built was the Fatih Mosque. Designed by Atik Sinan, the symmetrical layout of this mosque complex is awe inspiring. Sultan Mehmet the Conquerers's body is buried in a shrine in the mosque's garden.
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İstanbul Beşinci Tepesi

Fifth Hill of Istanbul; On the 'Fifth Hill' overlooking the Golden Horn stands the Sultan Selim Mosque. The garden of this Sultan Selim Complex Yavuz Sultan Selim 's tomb is located. Rather than a monumental building, on this hill the Byzantines built structures related to wather, the source of life. The lower ground next to the Sultan Selim Mosque was one the Cistern of Aspar, which was built in the 5th centuryto meet the Byzantine's water needs.
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İstanbul Altıncı Tepesi

Sixth Hill of Istanbul;One of Mimar Sinan's original works, the Mihrimah Sultan Mosque stands on Istanbul's 'Sixth Hill'. This site also holds the honour of being tallest hill of the Historical Peninsula, in other words of old Istanbul.The first thing that attracts your attention as you step inside the mosque is the light. Also on the sixth hill stands the Byzantine 'Kariye Church' with its impressive mosaics. The church took its current form in the 11th century, and its orginal name 'Chora' meant The Church of the Holy Saviour in the Country'.
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İstanbul Yedinci Tepesi

Seventh Hill of Istanbul; The Seventh Hills rises up betwen the districts of Cerrahpasa and Koca Mustafa Pasa. The Forum of Arcadius, the famous square of the Byzantine period and the centre of the Byzantine's slave trade, was located in this area. In Ottoman times the area was called the Avrat Pazari or Women's Bazaar, and the slave trade continued until the 19th century.The Hasek Hürrem Mosque Complex and Hekimoglu Ali Pasa Mosque stand on the Seven Hills. The Haseki Hürrem Mosque was built by Mimar Sinan for Hürrem Sultan, wife of Sultan Süleyman I, in 1551. The Hekimoglu Ali Pasa Mosque built in 1735. The panel of tiles decorating the wall facing Mecca is enchanting.
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